Animal Family Types
Mom and Dad Take Care
Fish such as oscars, angelfish, and many more have both parents helping raise the young. Both parents will fan the eggs to keep them well-oxygenated. Then once the eggs hatch, the male tends to circle the family, keeping larger fish or other predators away from the group. The female tends to stay close to the kids, called fry, watching over them. Sometimes the parent pulls a baby into their mouth and spits them out again, apparently cleaning off the youngster.
These large birds are dutiful parents. When the female is ready to lay her eggs, they find and hollow out a hole in a tree. The ground hornbill species will hollow out a log on the ground. Tree-dwelling species, such as our zoo’s great hornbills and Buton hornbills, will actually seal the female bird into the cavity using a variety of materials, leaving only a small vertical opening through which the male feeds her during the incubation period. Once the chicks have hatched and are growing larger, the female will break out and start to forage for food to help the male feed the hungry chicks. The family stays together for a period after all of the chicks have left the nest and started to fly. The chicks learn how to find food and suitable sheltered roosts from their parents.
See other family types by following the links on the right side of the page.