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Disruptive coloration is a way of confusing the eye. It breaks up the solid outline of an animal’s body so that it is harder to see and recognize. For example, a Sumatran tiger has stripes that help it hide among the tall grasses and slender trees of Sumatra—so that it’s hard to tell what is grass and what is tiger! A jaguar, on the other hand, hunts in the broken light and shade of low tree branches, among the leaves and branches. Instead of vertical stripes, it is covered in splotchy spots and patches.
Many other creatures, such as frogs, lizards, and snakes are dappled, striped, speckled or patchy so that they blend in with sand, water, or different kinds of plants, depending on their natural habitat.
See other types of camouflage by following the links on the right side of the page.